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Peter Plowman examines those ships and shipping companies used to transport migrants to Australia and New Zealand from 1900 to 1939. He documents the ships bringing migrants to Australia and New Zealand from 1900 to the outbreak of World War II: where they were built, by whom, their tonnage, dimensions, service speed and propulsion, when and where they were launched and the history of their migrant-carrying voyages.
During this period no regular assisted passage scheme was available, though from time to time various government incentives were offered. The majority of migrants paid the full fare, and they mostly travelled on regular passenger liners.
The first years of the new century saw the introduction of new and larger
tonnage to both Australia and New Zealand. The most notable of these vessels was the ‘Athenic’ trio built for the New Zealand White Star Line, while from 1903 P & O took delivery of ten ‘M’ class liners for their Australian service. New shipbuilding culminated with the five ships of the ‘Orsova’ class for the Orient Line in 1909, while the New Zealand shipping company got three new ships during 1909/10. A year later the P & O Branch Line got five vessels designed to bring migrants to Australia in large numbers. The majority of migrants arriving in Australia and New Zealand came from Great Britain, but there was also a steady flow from Germany and Italy.
PB 192 Pages.
This product was added to our catalog on Wednesday 11 November, 2009.
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Wednesday 22 October, 2014
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